*All profits are purposed to research the effects of 5G radiation on women and children*

How EMR Affects Testicular Function - DELETE

Male testicles cradle ½ of civilization, and are paramount for human reproduction and male hormone regulation. Something is going terribly wrong though...

First signs of male testicular dysfunction in the United States came in the 1920’s, coinciding with the advent of radio technologies in society. Over the past century, the rate of declining male fertility and testosterone production has accelerated alongside the development of electronics technology and our increasing use of them at work, at home, and now in public spaces. 5G technologies are on the horizon; the state of man’s reproductive system has reached crisis* levels, and it’s past time to take action before irreversible damage is done.

  • Sperm quality has plunged over 60% the last 50 years;
  • Since WWII, the incidence of testicular cancer has increased 3-to-4 fold; and,
  • In the 30 years since we’ve been using cell phones, testosterone levels have been halved.

*Note: lifespans in the United States decreased for the first time in history in 2017

[what’s going on?]

Electromagnetic radiation (radiation) causes changes to the structure and function of man’s testicles (testes). Smartphones are the most common source of radiation that affect the testes, as they’re oftentimes carried or held near the testes and in constant communication with wifi routers and base stations. Other culprits are tablets, laptops, and other wearable electronics that contribute to ubiquitous lower intensity fields emitted by electrical wiring, power lines, appliances - and the constantly radiating wifi routers and base stations.

The testes are of particular vulnerability to biological effects from radiation given the sensitivity of their specific tissues and cells. In normal physiological conditions, scrotal function is a balanced process of cell division, maturation and storage of cells, and smooth intra-cellular communication based on natural bioelectromagnetics. Short and long-term radiation, at various energy levels, upsets the delicate testicular system and disrupts its holistically natured functioning.

[how does radiation do that?]

Radiation is energy pulsing from antennas in all directions, at the speed of light. These waves carry information packets that are propelled via an electromotive force and create an electric field which is perpendicular to a manifested magnetic field. Emitted wave’s are programmed to modulate their form (frequency and wavelength) and amplitude to enhance connection strength and vary according to the medium and the transmitters. Environmental conditions like structures and the weather, as well as different devices affect the radiation that the body responds to.

Like the antenna on your smartphone, the scrotum also acts as an antenna, processing wave energy from external sources. The scrotum too has an internal electric and magnetic field - as do each individual cell, and subcellular unit of matter - but electric currents do not flow directly through like they would in a perfect conductor. The coupled electromagnetic radiation passing through the scrotum decouples and the electric and magnetic properties of the energy interact with matter depending on the permittivity and conductivity of each unit of matter. Each interaction simultaneously induces new values on each unit and continuously changes as a function of the radiation and the internal state of the body.

As the equilibrium positions of individual atoms change, dielectric polarization occurs, altering the electromagnetic fields within the testes.

[so how is testicular function affected?]

The most studied mechanism of action of radiation on cells is via the voltage gated calcium channel. After radiation penetrates the scrotum, eddy currents alter calcium homeostasis in the plasma membrane. The plasma membrane serves as a boundary between cellular units and controls the movement of molecules in and out of cells, but radiation shocks the membrane permeability potential causing abnormal calcium flow and leaks of molecules and ions. Healthy sperm, Leydig, and Sertoli cells rely on the plasma membrane and calcium ions for signal transduction and proper functioning. But second order effects arise from impaired intracellular communication like atypical behavior of protein kinase C (PKC) which is responsible for managing proliferation, synthesis, and inhibition of apoptosis or programmed cell death.

Radiation also leads to DNA damage and formation of cancer-causing free radicals. Testicular cell mitochondria reacts to radiation like a foreign invader with stress and fight responses. Build-up of NADH oxidase activity in mitochondria ensues, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) is produced, proportionally to radiation exposure. Excess ROS results in oxidative stress, less antioxidant enzymes, more free radicals, and liklier conditions for cancerous gene expressions.

 STUDY RESULTS

Effect of electromagnetic pulse irradiation on structure and function of Leydig cells in mice 

https://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84872762676&origin=inward&txGid=34bfa627b731ea3c4ac23b1fcdfc1e13 (2003)

Main pathological changes were edema and vacuolation, swelling of cytoplasmic mitochondria, reduce of lipid droplets, pale staining of most of lipid droplets, and partial or complete cavitation of lipid droplets in Leydig cells within 28 days after EMP radiation. Compared with normal controls, serum T decreased in all in different degrees within 28 days, and dropped significantly at 6 h-14 d, 6 h-7 d and 1 d-28 d after 8 x 10(3) V/m, 2 x 10(4) V/m and 6 x 10(4) V/m EMP irradiation(P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). EMP irradiation may cause significant injury in structure and function of Leydig cells in mice, whose earlier and continuous effect is bound to affect sexual function and sperm production.

Influence of 50 Hz magnetic field on sex hormones and other fertility parameters of adult male rats 

https://www.savant-research.com/1111/  (2005)

Weights of seminal vesicles and preputial glands were significantly reduced in the exposed male rats. Similarly, a significant reduction in sperm count was observed in the exposed group. Furthermore, there were no significant effects on the serum levels of male follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) during the 18 weeks of exposure period. On the other hand, there was a significant increase in the serum levels of male luteinizing hormone (LH) after 18 weeks of exposure (P < .005), while testosterone levels were significantly decreased only after 6 and 12 weeks of the exposure period.

Image content influences men's semen quality 

http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/1/3/253 (2005)

Storage of mobile phones close to the testes had a significant negative impact on sperm concentration and the percentage of motile sperm. 

Biological and morphological effects on the reproductive organ of rats after exposure to electromagnetic field. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15806208 (2005)

The diameter of the seminiferous tubules and the mean height of the germinal epithelium were significantly decreased in EMF group (p<0.05). There was a significant decrease in serum total testosterone level in EMF group (p<0.05).

The effects of an electromagnetic field on the boundary tissue of the seminiferous tubules of the rat: A light and transmission electron microscope study. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16988914 (2006)

In the experimental rats boundary tissue was found disrupted at various layers. This tissue showed infoldings, which were perhaps due to the loss of collagen and reticular fibrils from the inner and outer non-cellular layers. The outer non-cellular layer, which was thinner than that of the control, was stripped away from the myoid cell layer in multiple regions, giving a "blister-like" appearance. The myoid cells showed fewer polyribosomes, pinocytotic vesicles and glycogen granules. Most mitochondria were found to lack cristae. The connections between individual myoid cells were apparently lost. There were signs of recovery in the boundary tissue following withdrawal from EMF exposure. These results suggest that EMF exposure may cause profound changes in the boundary tissue of the seminiferous tubules. Therefore exposure to EMF may result in pathological changes that lead to subfertility and infertility. 

Effect of low-intensity extremely high frequency radiation on reproductive function in wistar rats. 

https://www.emf-portal.org/en/article/14609 (2006)

 Increase in the percentage of abnormal sperm.

Evaluation of the effect of using mobile phones on male fertility. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17655195 (2007)

Increase in the percentage of sperm cells of abnormal morphology is associated with the duration of exposure to the waves emitted by the GSM phone. decrease in the percentage of sperm cells in vital progressing motility in the semen is correlated with the frequency of using mobile phones. 

Effects of cellular phone emissions on sperm motility in rats. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17628553 (2007)

Exhibited a significantly higher incidence of sperm cell death than control group rats through chi-squared analysis. In addition, abnormal clumping of sperm cells was present in rats exposed to cellular phone emissions and was not present in control group rats. 

CONCLUSION(S): 

These results suggest that carrying cell phones near reproductive organs could negatively affect male fertility.

Effect of cell phone usage on semen analysis in men attending infertility clinic: an observational study. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17482179 (2008)

Mean sperm motility, viability, and normal morphology were significantly different in cell phone user groups within two sperm count groups. The laboratory values of the above four sperm parameters decreased in all four cell phone user groups as the duration of daily exposure to cell phones increased. Use of cell phones decrease the semen quality in men by decreasing the sperm count, motility, viability, and normal morphology. The decrease in sperm parameters was dependent on the duration of daily exposure to cell phones and independent of the initial semen quality.

Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic waves (RF-EMW) from cellular phones on human ejaculated semen: an in vitro pilot study. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18804757 (2009)

Samples exposed to RF-EMW showed a significant decrease in sperm motility and viability, increase in ROS level, and decrease in ROS-TAC score. Radiofrequency electromagnetic waves emitted from cell phones may lead to oxidative stress in human semen. We speculate that keeping the cell phone in a trouser pocket in talk mode may negatively affect spermatozoa and impair male fertility. 

Radio frequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) from GSM (0.9/1.8GHz) mobile phones induces oxidative stress and reduces sperm motility in rats. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19578660 (2009)

Rats exposed to RF-EMR exhibited a significantly reduced percentage of motile sperm. Moreover, RF-EMR exposure resulted in a significant increase in lipid peroxidation and low GSH content in the testis and epididymis. speculate that RF-EMR from mobile phones negatively affects semen quality and may impair male fertility.

CANCER Mobile phone radiation induces reactive oxygen species production and DNA damage in human spermatozoa in vitro. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19649291 (2009)

RF-EMR in both the power density and frequency range of mobile phones enhances mitochondrial reactive oxygen species generation by human spermatozoa, decreasing the motility and vitality of these cells while stimulating DNA base adduct formation and, ultimately DNA fragmentation. These findings have clear implications for the safety of extensive mobile phone use by males of reproductive age, potentially affecting both their fertility and the health and wellbeing of their offspring.

IS THERE A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CELL PHONE USE AND SEMEN QUALITY? 

 

http://www.jstor.org/stable/3575544?origin=crossref&seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents (2009)

Duration of possession correlated negatively with the proportion of rapid progressive motile sperm, and positively with the proportion of slow progressive motile sperm. The correlation between cell phone use and the changes in the motility parameters suggests that these effects accumulate.

 

electromagnetic radiation affects the testis by changing the levels of hormones produced by glands inside the cranium 

 

electromagnetic radiation of cell phones may cause DNA breakage in cells in the male genital tract 

A moderate correlation has been found between the sperm motility and the sperm chromatin structure, which are probably brought about by distorted epididymal protamination [[10]Giwercman A, Richthoff J, , et al (2003): Correlation between sperm motility and sperm chromatin structure assay parameters. Fertil Steril 80:1404–1412.[PUBMED],[INFOTRIEVE],[CSA],[CROSSREF] [Google Scholar]]. A possible connection of the two theories is reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. ROS cause DNA fragmentation in somatic cells reducing protamination [[28]Sun JG, Jurisicova A, , et al (1997): Detection of deoxyribonucleic acid fragmentation in human sperm: correlation with fertilization in vitro. Biol Reprod 56:602–607.[PUBMED],[INFOTRIEVE],[CSA] [Google Scholar]]. Melatonin inhibits ROS production

The mobile phone decreases fructose but not citrate in rabbit semen: a longitudinal study. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19938952 (2009)

A significant drop in both fructose levels (257 +/-11.6 vs. 489 +/- 8.4 mg %, the baseline level) and number of motile sperms (50 vs. 72%) was observed. . In conclusion, the pulsed radio frequency emitted by the mobile phone kept in the standby position longitudinally affected sperm motility and fructose but not citrate levels in rabbit semen.

Pathophysiology of cell phone radiation: oxidative stress and carcinogenesis with focus on male reproductive system 

https://rbej.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1477-7827-7-114 (2009)

MECHANISMS IS ACTION + REFERENCES = VERY GOOD

Effects of electromagnetic fields of cellular phone on testosterone and progesterone hormones rate in Syrian Hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) 

http://www.endocrine-abstracts.org/ea/0020/ea0020p640.htm  (2009)

Progesterone level in hamster serum has been decreased by short-term and long-term exposure to 900 MHz. long-term exposure to cellular phones EMF may affect the reproductive hormonal balance and impair endocrine homeostasis and it may cause peripheral effects. 

Hypospermatogenesis and spermatozoa maturation arrest in rats induced by mobile phone radiation (2011)

 

Long-term exposure to mobile phone radiation can cause hypospermatogenesis and maturation arrest in the spermatozoa in the testis of Wistar albino rats.